Full name: Helen Newington Wills
Alias: Mrs F.S.Moody
Alias: Mrs F.S.Moody
|Born||October 06, 1905 in Centreville, California, USA|
|Died||January 01, 1998 in Carmel, California, USA|
|Class of HOF||1959|
|Height||5 ft 7in (1.70m)|
|Bio||Helen Newington Wills also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player.She was born Helen Newington Wills in Centerville, California and attended the University of California, Berkeley.
An imperious woman who ruled from the baseline with utter reliability and unwavering resolve, Helen Wills Moody dominated the game in the 1920s and 1930s and left rivals wondering if there was any way possible to break her winning pattern. “Little Miss Poker Face” collected eight Wimbledon singles titles, winning 50 of 51 matches on the British grass courts. In her native U.S. Championships, this implacable Californian took the singles title seven times. In all, she secured 19 Grand Slam singles championships. Wills Moody kept a commanding length off the ground and never beat herself.
She became famous around the world for holding the top position in women's tennis for a total of nine years: 1927–33, 1935 and 1938. She won 31(!) Grand Slam tournament titles (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) during her career, including 19 singles titles.
Wills was the first American woman athlete to become a global celebrity, making friends with royalty and film stars despite her preference to stay out of the limelight. She was admired for her graceful physique and for her fluid motion. She was part of a new tennis fashion, playing in knee-length pleated skirts rather than the longer ones of her predecessors. Unusually, she practiced against men to hone her craft, and she played a relentless game, wearing down her female opponents with power and accuracy. In 1933 she beat the 8th-ranked male player in an exhibition match.
Her record of eight wins at Wimbledon was not surpassed until 1990 when Martina Navratilova won nine. She was said to be "arguably the most dominant tennis player of the 20th century", and has been called by some (including Jack Kramer, Harry Hopman, Mercer Beasley, Don Budge, and AP News) as the greatest female player in history.
When asked in 1941 about whether Wills or Lenglen was the better player, Elizabeth Ryan, who played against both of them in singles and partnered both in doubles, said, "Suzanne, of course. She owned every kind of shot, plus a genius for knowing how and when to use them." However, Wills and Lenglen are seen as having completely different skills and strategies. Wills served and volleyed with unusually powerful forehand and backhand strokes, and she forced her opponents out of position by placing deep shots left and right. Lenglen was more physically nimble, and she was more imaginative—able to quickly change shots in response to conditions. Lenglen was a master of the drop shot and close net work, which was Wills' soft spot. Aware of her weakness at the net, Wills drove her opponents deep into the backcourt as much as possible. Playing Wills was, according to Helen Jacobs, like playing "a machine... with implacable concentration and undeniable skill" yet with little flexibility.
Analogizing Wills's game to poker, George Lott, a 12 time winner of Grand Slam doubles titles and a contemporary of Wills, once said, "Helen’s expression rarely varied and she always tended strictly to business, but her opponents were never in doubt as to what she held: an excellent service, a powerful forehand, a strong backhand, a killer instinct, and no weaknesses. Five of a kind! Who would want to draw against that kind of hand?"
Wills won 31 Grand Slam tournament titles (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) during her career, including seven singles titles at the U.S. Championships, eight singles titles at Wimbledon, and four singles titles at the French Championships. Excluding her defaults at the French Championships and Wimbledon in 1926, she reached at least the final of each Grand Slam singles event she played during her career. She never played at the Australian Championships.
Wills also won two Olympic gold medals in Paris in 1924 (singles and doubles), the last year that tennis was an Olympic sport until 1988. Wills was the U.S. girls' singles champion in 1921 and 1922. She won her first women's national title at the age of 17 in 1923, making her the youngest champion at that time. From 1919 through 1938, she amassed a 398–35 (0.919) match record, including a winning streak of at least 158 matches, during which she did not lose a set. She was a member of the U.S. Wightman Cup team in 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, and 1938.
Wills was reported to be an introverted and detached woman. On court, she rarely showed emotion, ignored her opponents, and took no notice of the crowd. Kitty McKane Godfree, who inflicted the only defeat Wills suffered at Wimbledon during her career, said, "Helen was a very private person, and she didn't really make friends very much."
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman said, "Helen was really an unconfident and [socially] awkward girl—you have no idea how awkward.... I thought of Helen as an honestly shy person who was bewildered by how difficult it was to please most people." Because of her unchanging expression, Grantland Rice, the American sportswriter, bestowed on Wills the nickname "Little Miss Poker Face". As her success and, ironically, unpopularity with the public increased, she was called "Queen Helen" and "the Imperial Helen". In her own defense, Wills said in her autobiography, "I had one thought and that was to put the ball across the net. I was simply myself, too deeply concentrated on the game for any extraneous thought."
She typically wore a white sailor suit having a pleated knee-length skirt, white shoes, and a white visor.
On February 16, 1926, the 20-year-old Wills met Suzanne Lenglen, six-time Wimbledon champion, in the final of a tournament at the Carlton Club in Cannes. It was the only time they played each other. Public anticipation of their match was immense, resulting in high scalper ticket prices. Roofs and windows of nearby buildings were crowded with spectators, including the King of Sweden. Both players were nervous, with Lenglen drinking brandy and water at one point to calm her nerves. Lenglen won the match 6–3, 8–6 after being down 2–1 in the first set and 5–4 in the second set. Wills had a set point in the second set and believed she had won the point that would have won her the set, but a linesman disagreed. In one of the few times she showed emotion on court, she spoke angrily to the linesman over the call. After the match, Lenglen's father advised her that she would lose her next match to Wills if they met again soon, and Lenglen avoided Wills for the remainder of the spring. Wills did not get a second chance to meet Lenglen. Wills had an emergency appendectomy during the 1926 French Championships, which caused her to default her second round match and withdraw from Wimbledon, which also was considered a default. Lenglen turned professional after the 1926 season.
After she returned to the United States, Wills attempted a comeback from her appendectomy, lost two matches, and on the advice of her doctor, withdrew from that year's U.S. Championships. Apart from those two losses, beginning with the 1923 U.S. Championships, Wills lost only four matches in three years: once to Lenglen, twice to Kathleen McKane Godfree, and once to Elizabeth Ryan. Wills had winning overall records against the latter two. In 1927, a revived Wills began her streak of not losing a set until the 1933 Wimbledon Championships.
In an exhibition match in San Francisco on January 28, 1933, Wills defeated Phil Neer, the eighth ranked American male player, 6–3, 6–4.
During the 17 year period from 1922 through 1938, Wills entered 24 Grand Slam singles events, winning 19, finishing second three times, and defaulting twice as a result of her appendectomy. Her streak of winning U.S. Championships seven times in seven attempts ended when she defaulted to Helen Hull Jacobs during the 1933 final because of a back injury. At the time, Jacobs was leading in the third set. Because she felt the press and fans treated her harshly at the U.S. Championship, Wills decided never to play there again. After taking a year off to recuperate, Wills came back to win the 1935 Wimbledon title, surviving a match point in the final against Jacobs. In 1938 she again defeated her rival to win her eighth and last Wimbledon title before retiring permanently.
Charlie Chaplin was once asked what he considered to be the most beautiful sight that he had ever seen. He responded that it was "the movement of Helen Wills playing tennis."
According to A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Wills was ranked in the world top ten from 1922 through 1925, 1927 through 1933, and in 1935 and 1938. She was World No. 1 in those rankings nine times, from 1927 through 1933 and in 1935 and 1938. Wills was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1922 through 1925, 1927 through 1929, and in 1931 and 1933. She was the top-ranked U.S. player from 1923 through 1925 and 1927 through 1929.
Wills was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1959.
In 1981, Wills was inducted into the (San Francisco) Bay Area Athletic Hall of Fame. In 1926 and 1929, Wills appeared on the cover of Time magazine.She died on January 1, 1998, aged 92.
|Misc||She married Frederick Moody in December 1929. She won approximately one-half of her major championships as "Helen Wills" and one-half as "Helen Wills Moody". Wills divorced Moody in 1937 and married Aidan Roark in October 1939.|
|1922||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1923||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1924||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1924||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1925||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1926||Roland Garros||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1926||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1927||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1927||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1928||Roland Garros||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1928||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1928||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1929||Roland Garros||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1929||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1929||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1930||Roland Garros||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1930||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1931||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1932||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1932||Roland Garros||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1933||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1933||US Open||Women's Singles||United States (USA)|
|1935||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|1938||Wimbledon||Ladies' Singles||United States (USA)|
|All-time||Amateur era||Open Era|
|3||GS Appearances Representing The Same Nation||24||0||5||10||9||24||0||5||10||9||0||0||0||0||0|
|4||Represented different nations||1||0||1||1||1||1||0||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0|
|5||Years Between 2 GS Appearances||3||0||2||3||2||3||0||2||3||2||0||0||0||0||0|
|6||Years Between The First And Last GS Appearance||16||0||6||14||11||16||0||6||14||11||0||0||0||0||0|
|7||Decades Between The First And Last GS Appearance||1||0||0||1||1||1||0||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0|
|8||GS Final Appearances||22||0||4||9||9||22||0||4||9||9||0||0||0||0||0|
|9||GS Final Appearances Representing The Same Nation||22||0||4||9||9||22||0||4||9||9||0||0||0||0||0|
|10||Represented different nations in the GS Finals||1||0||1||1||1||1||0||1||1||1||0||0||0||0||0|
|11||Years Between 2 GS Final Appearances||3||0||2||3||2||3||0||2||3||2||0||0||0||0||0|
|12||Years Between The First And Last GS Final Appearance||16||0||4||14||11||16||0||4||14||11||0||0||0||0||0|
|13||Decades Between The First And Last GS Final Appearance||1||0||0||1||1||1||0||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||0|